Constant Spring, Nannyville in Masters League final tomorrowThe unbeaten Constant Spring will tomorrow oppose first-year entrants Nannyville Gardens, who are also unbeaten in league competition, in the KSAMA Masters League football final at Winchester Park, St George’s College, starting at 4:00 p.m.Both teams will feature a number of former national players, including the skilful Walter Boyd representing Nannyville and Durrent ‘Tatty’ Brown, who plays for Constant Spring. Both were members of Jamaica’s historic team which went to the FIFA World Cup Finals in France in 1998.Constant Spring, who recently defeated August Town 2-0 in the KO final, will parade a well-balanced team that has the knack for winning trophies. In addition to Durrent Brown, ‘Spring’ will look to former national players Oneil ‘Chippy’ McDonald, Lincoln Taffe, as well as Robert ‘Bunny’ Scott and Orville Mullings to pave the way for victory to complete a perfect season in the process. The team is coached by Carl Sewell.Nannyville, under the guidance of coach Omar Stanley, will counter with Walter Boyd, his brother Audley Boyd, Steve Green, Jahmiah Pettigrew, Roger Rodney and Everdean Scarlett in goal.The winning team will receive $50,000 and the League trophy.Couples Tower Isle are BH ‘Champion of Champions’St Ann Business House champions, Couples Tower Isle, won the all-island ‘Champion of Champions’ football clash last Saturday when they defeated Corporate Area champions Petrojam 4-2 at Drax Hall in St Ann last Saturday.Petrojam took an early lead through Boys’ Town Premier League player, Rafeik Thomas, in the 10th minute, but Couples found the equaliser when Mauricio Gordon netted in the 18th minute.Kemar Miller made it 2-1 for Couples in the 40th minute, but Petrojam’s Andrew Christie made it 2-2 on the stroke of half-time.After the interval, Gordon sent Couples ahead in the 54th minute with his second goal of the match, before Mitchell sealed the issue – with his second goal as well – in the 69th minute, to give the home team a comprehensive victory.BoJ on top in Chin Prep LeagueKyode Smith’s goal proved decisive as Belair shocked defending champions Mount St Joseph 1-0 in last week’s second round of the Howie Chin Memorial Cup for Preparatory Schools in Manchester.Belair have now moved to six points, following their opening round 3-0 shutout of Charagape. It was also a tough second round for Mount St Joseph in the female category, where they are also the defending champions. They were held to a 0-0 draw by Emmanuel, who were previously beaten 2-0 by Belair.In other boys matches, Knox completed a 3-1 win over El Instituto, while in a surprise result, Yabnel edged Sacred Heart 1-0 on a Ramone Henry strike.The most impressive scoreline of the second round came in the girl’s competition, when Timika Scarlett’s four-timer gave Belair a 4-1 win over Knox Prep. season to open Oct 29The 2015-16 Manchester Football Association (MFA) season will kick off on Thursday, October 29, with the Brumalia House Knock Out competition.The draw took place at the MFA offices at the RADA Complex earlier this week and 16 teams will compete. Defending champions Porus United will feature in the lone October 29 match against Old England.A date is yet to be finalised for the other seven opening round games. Those games are: Alligator Pond vs Plouden; Hillstars vs Star Zone; Downs vs NCU; Ricam Academy vs Villa United; Mile Gully vs Greenvale; Comfort vs Technical Strikers; and Georges Valley vs Land Settlement.The newcomers are NCU, Star Zone and Technical Strikers.Porus begins Peter Bunting defence with winPorus began their defence of the Central Manchester Sports Development Football League on a winning note last weekend, with a 6-2 victory against Top Coffee Grove Community team.The League, which is sponsored by Central Manchester Member of Parliament, Peter Bunting, kicked off with two games at Comfort Community Centre. The second game saw hosts Comfort defeating neighbours New Hall 5-1. Thirty teams are contesting the League. Top Coffee Grove number among four newcomers in this the third season. The others are Belair Strikers, Bombay and May Day.The opening round also saw Land Settlement scoring the highest margin of victory – a 10-0 shutout of Kendal. A summary of other results saw Albion outscoring Old England 4-2, Inverness stomping New Vision 5-0, Mandeville United welcoming Belair Strikers 3-0, and the Police team drawing 2-2 with Bonito Strikers.Matches will resume tomorrow with double-headers at five venues. Opening games kick off at 1:30 p.m., with the final games set for 3:30 p.m.Belair win in Howie In Your Neighbourhood Football LeagueJamaica Beverages, through their brand Chubby, will sponsor this year’s Institute of Sports (INSPORTS) Chubby Portmore Primary Football League.”As you are very much aware, finding funding to run our annual competitions is oftentimes a mammoth task. In our bid to grow the League and improve service to you, the Institute of Sports (INSPORTS) will be partnering with Jamaica Beverage Limited through their brand Chubby in staging the 2015 annual Primary School Football League,” a statement from INSPORTS read.Andrea Hanson, an INSPORTS Sports Officer for Portmore, said her organisation is in advanced negotiations with Jamaica Beverage Ltd with a view to sign a three-year partnership, which will see participating teams receiving bigger and better incentives.The League is set to commence in November, with defending champions Portsmouth tackling Independence City Primary and Waterford opposing Bridgeport, the previous winners.Spit Fyah leads sponsors INSPORTS Primary Schools JDCA LeagueMid-season champions, Spit Fyah, who have amassed 45 points thus far, lead the Jamaica Domino Council Association League after 12 rounds of matches.They are followed by Caribbean Classic (44), Eradication (39), Waterhouse United (38), Giants (38), Naggo Head (34), Right Stuff (30), Spring Village (27), Exceptional (26) and Tambrind Tree (26), which round off the top 10.In matches played last Sunday, Caribbean Classic crushed Memory Lane 300-143, Spit Fyah defeated Right Stuff 300 -251, Waterhouse United whipped Sour Sop Tree 300-206, Eradication outlasted Exceptional 300-294 (in a countdown), Giants trampled Ten To Ten 300-265, Naggo Head beat Feluchie 300-281, Spring Village downed Highlight Strikers 300 -269 and Tambrind Tree blunted Small Axe 300-250.Horizon Park Primary to host netball rallyHorizon Park Primary School, located in Spanish Town, will on Friday, November 27, host a netball rally on their school grounds, starting at 8 a.m.The organisers said that the event will be “unique, thanks to the special arrangements and efforts of their sponsors”. There will also be special awards for the most disciplined team and leading goalscorer.Teams wishing to enter should contact Vaswani Samuels at 981-8114 for assistance with registration. All entries must be received before the closing date of Friday, November 13. The cost of registration is $2,500.Manchester football inter-bank footballLeaders Bank of Jamaica (BoJ) defeated National Commercial Bank (NCB) 3-1 at Winchester Park, St George’s College, last Sunday in the third round of the Norman Goodison Western Sports/JNBS-sponsored inter-bank football league last Sunday.Thanks to goals from Dashan Meeks, Patrick Campbell and Andre Campbell, BoJ extended their lead to six points from three matches, two ahead of defending champions Scotiabank, who were held to a 1-1 draw by Sagicor in the second match at the venue.Jermaine Gardner sent Scotia ahead in the 37th minute, but this was cancelled out by a Paul Cunningham second-half goal. Scotia have four points from two matches.The competition takes a break tomorrow for the Heroes holiday weekend.Westmeade topple Garveymeade in dominoWestmeade Rising Stars toppled neighbours Garveymeade 250-215 in the 10th round of the South East St Catherine Constituency Domino League – which is sponsored by Member of Parliament Colin Fagan – at the Garveymeade Sports Club last Sunday.The win placed Westmeade in a three-way tie for second spot on 24 points from nine games. Also, on 24 points are Waterford which scored an important 250-226 win over fourth place Cumberland (21 points), and Ken’s Wildflower, which beat last place Portsmouth (three) 250-224.Runaway leaders Passagefort United (36) were idle this round.Games on tomorrow (home teams named first): Passagefort United vs Portsmouth, Cumberland vs Garveymeade and Ken’s Wildflower vs Waterford. All games are scheduled to begin at 1:00 p.m.Jamaica Beverages
The ScotiaBank Caribbean Football Union (CFU) Men’s Caribbean Cup football match between Jamaica and Suriname, originally set for this Wednesday at the Anthony Spaulding Sports Complex, has been postponed due to the impending weather effects of Hurricane Matthew, which up to press time was continuing towards Jamaica. A release from the Jamaica Football Federation (JFF) stated that: “The JFF wishes to inform that based on a release from the CFU, the Caribbean Cup qualifier, Jamaica vs Suriname, has been postponed. More information will be provided in short order. “This does not affect the Guyana vs Jamaica fixtures for October 11,” the release added. Jamaica are the reigning Caribbean Cup champions.
Guyana has been listed among the 36 countries of the Region of the Americas to have switched from oral polio vaccine (tOPV), containing types 1, 2 and 3 polioviruses, to the bivalent oral vaccine (bOPV), containing only types 1 and 3.The decision for the switch in vaccine was made through the Pan American Health Organisation/World Health Organisation (PAHO/WHO) in June 2015 and all 36 countries successfully switched within the established timeframe, between April 17 and May 1, 2016.There are three serotypes of polioviruses, each of which can cause paralytic poliomyelitis. The Sabin oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV), which has been used globally by WHO in the eradication effort, is a trivalent vaccine that contains all three serotypes.In September 2015, WHO declared that wild poliovirus type 2 has been eradicated from the planet – no cases caused by this serotype had been detected since November 1999.However in 2015, there were nine cases of poliomyelitis caused by the type 2 vaccine. For these reasons WHO decided to remove the type 2 Sabin strain from OPV, and switch from trivalent to bivalent vaccine in April 2016.Guyana has had success with its Immunisation Programme over the last decade.This has come about with the strategies used to combat preventable diseases in children.Measles, mumps and Rubella vaccines was introduced in 1995, in 1998 – Hepatitis B to health workers and other high risk groups, in 1999 – Yellow Fever, in 2000 and 2001- Pentavalent vaccines, in 2010 – Rotavirus, in 2011 Pneumococcal vaccines.The Human Papilloma Virus Vaccines was introduced in 2011. This vaccine works as a prevention measure to fight cervical cancer and is being administered to young girls, 9-13 years of age.Active surveillance is maintained for poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, and rubella, tetanus including neonatal and adult, diphtheria, whooping cough (pertussis), tuberculosis and yellow fever and all other diseases.We are constantly monitoring the signs and symptoms of any vaccine preventable disease. Testing and confirmation for these vaccine preventable diseases is also being done in collaboration with PAHO/WHO.Towards this end, there has been significant achievement in the EPI programme in Guyana. Guyana has maintained a polio free status since 1991, no reported cases of Measles and the last case of yellow fever was in 1968.Vaccination coverage has always been maintained at over 90 per cent in the antigens under one year of age over the last five years at the national level.This illustrates the government’s commitment to ensure that children are protected against the vulnerable diseases and reduce childhood mortality.
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Thirty two chiefs – at least two from each Liberia’s 16 ethnic groups – in the Samuel K. Doe Community and its environs have collaborated with the youths to embark on a week-long clean-up campaign of drainages in five slum communities around District # 14, Montserrado County.The communities have been suffering from foul smell of revolting drains owing to the lack of financial and logistical supports, community leaders said.The Council of Tribal Chiefs in the SKD Community initiated the long overdue project with support from the Kerkula Momomuka Kamara Foundation, a humanitarian organization, which provides relief to poor communities in Montserrado County District # 14. The theme of the gutter cleaning project was “Operation Clean the Doe Community.”Youth President Pedro R. Vaye named the affected drainage areas as “around the Kpelle Mansion, Bassa Town, the football field and Freeport areas as well as thick bushes along the road in Central SKD Community.The fetid muddy drains are breeding sites for flies, mosquitoes and other disease carrying insects and a source of irritation and embarrassment, residents told the Daily Observer.Dozens of wheelbarrows, rakes, shovels and rain boots as well as face-masks and gloves; including five 25Kg bags of rice were turned over to the leadership of the Council of Traditional Chiefs for the cleanup project.The drains also absorbed feces and garbage of all sorts from the community all year round, residents said.The chairman of the Council of Tribal Chiefs, Elder Abubakar Turay, said about 30 youthsare expected to participate in cleaning of the drains and called on other residents to emulate Mr. Kamara, affectionately called Momomuka or Muka to clean the community.“We are glad that Muka is helping us to clean the drains which pose a serious health hazard to the communities,” Elder Turay said.The project, he said, is the first of its kind since the outbreak of the Ebola virus. He expressed the hope that Muka would make the project inclusive with the cleaning-up on a regular basis on food-for-work.Prince Toe, a staff of the Kerkula Momomuka Kamara Foundation, said the clean-up of the drains is one of several projects, pointing out the construction of a youth center, identifying with the disabled and the Muslim Community during Ramadan.In an interview with Mr. Kamara, who was not at the turning over ceremony of tools and food, he challenged the youths from the communities to keep the gutters clean at all times.”He admonished residents to stop dumping garbage into the gutters and to ensure that the drains are clean to support good health in the community.“Your efforts will demonstrate how much our community means to us,” he said and encouraged the workers to carry out the clean-up campaign and keep their environment clean.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
…help from US, Canada being exploredThe Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM) will be receiving help from the European Union (EU), which will be fielding an observer team for the General and Regional Elections scheduled for March 2, 2020.This was revealed by Government-nominated Commissioner Charles Corbin following a meeting at the secretariat on Tuesday. He noted that discussions have been held not only with the EU, but also Canada and the United States.“The EU team visited. They have engaged with the Government. And they have indicated they’re prepared to mount an observer mission. And basically they have been engaging with other stakeholders in Guyana. And they engaged with the Commission (Tuesday) to explain the scope of their operations and methods”.“The Commission, on its part, welcomed their involvement and indicated that we would support their involvement. The Commission is open to receiving any assistance that corresponds with the need that they have”.Corbin further noted that while these countries have extended an offer to help, discussions are needed to narrow down what form this assistance will take. However, he noted that some interventions have already been made.“Most of the major countries— Canada, US, EU— that have engaged with the Commission, have made their services available to provide any support that they need. We’ve already had interventions through diplomatic channels to facilitate some of the work we’re doing to aid our operations and that will continue,” he said.It was only a few days ago that it was announced that GECOM Secretariat would be benefiting from the technical expertise of retired Chief Electoral Officer of Canada’s elections body, Jean-Pierre Kingsley.His appointment is being funded by the Canadian Government. According to GECOM’s Public Relations Officer, Yolanda Ward, the Canadian High Commission here had offered the elections body technical assistance in the form of providing an expert and the seven-member Elections Commission had approved, accepting the offer, which resulted in the former Canadian Electoral Officer being appointed.Kingsley, who has 17 years of experience under his belt, is currently in Guyana conducting familiarisation meetings with stakeholders. He has already met the Justice Claudette Singh-led GECOM Commission last week, as well as the senior management at the elections body.The former Canadian Chief Electoral Officer served from 1990 to 2007, during which he participated in many significant international development missions aimed at promoting democratic electoral processes through cooperation, capacity building, and mutually beneficial relationships. He also provided electoral assistance to several Caribbean countries, including Trinidad and Tobago.According to his profile on the Canadian elections body website, Kingsley was proactive during his term in office, recommending and promoting key initiatives to make the electoral process more accessible. While ushering in reforms needed to comply with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, he led elections in Canada into the age of computerised election administration.The international community has been instrumental, along with the parliamentary opposition and civil society, in putting pressure on the Government to hold elections. With the exception of Canada, the international community has been on the Government’s case urging constitutional compliance.Last month, the Commonwealth became the latest in a line of organisations to urge the President to call elections immediately. Similar calls also came from the United States, British and European Union diplomatic representatives.Soon after, the UK High Commission took the step of advising that continued funding for two infrastructural projects were on pause. Design work on the Seawall rehabilitation project and the Linden to Mabura road was previously funded from the UK Caribbean Infrastructure Fund.Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo has said that intervention by the international community regarding the hosting of General and Regional Elections here was “wholly necessary”. The President has since named March 2, 2020 as elections date.
COLLEGE FOOTBALL: Bruins’ history means Notre Dame has a shot. By Brian Dohn STAFF WRITER Nearly 83 years have passed since Notre Dame’s four horseman traveled 2,000 miles to play Stanford in the granddaddy of all bowl games, but tonight, when the Irish return to the Rose Bowl, they will try to pull the mother of all upsets against UCLA. And UCLA’s five seasons under Coach Karl Dorrell suggest it is possible. After the Bruins, as 16-point favorites, were ambushed by 38 points last month at Utah, and with a string of defeats as a heavy favorite pasted on Dorrell’s resume, losing to the Irish (0-5) doesn’t seem as outlandish as the storied Notre Dame program opening the season with five losses. “(Notre Dame) is a lot better than their record,” UCLA quarterback Ben Olson said. “They’re an athletic team. They’re not a bad team in any sense. We have to go out there and respect them. We’ve been in situations before where the team has been a little bit down and we made them look like superstars. We need to make sure that doesn’t happen.” UCLA (4-1) is a 20
Rebranding is an all-American pastime. If necessity is the mother of invention, then bad press is the mother of reinvention. It’s not just Chevron, while having record profits on oil, trying to get the word out about conservation. Or Frito-Lay, whose nonrecyclable chip bags decorate the sides of our nation’s highways, announcing its attempt at being eco-friendly. Even Scientology has gotten a face-lift with its social programs being embraced by Christian leaders. What’s next? A Uri Geller comeback? A new Imus show? Target being a hip place to find designer wears? With the right perspective, anything is possible. What have Americans always liked? Outlaws! Oh yeah, Jessie James is an outlaw. Butch Cassidy, Billy the Kid, Al Capone, John Dillinger, John Gotti – we love these guys. But call them “illegals” and their luster fades. Naw, they’re outlaws. They didn’t play by the rules. They didn’t pay into Social Security. They blatantly defied federal law. And we love them for it. Outlaws are sexy. Still breaking the law – but with style! Now the words “immigrants,” “aliens” and “workers” aren’t going to fly with this image re-alignment. “That was the old Dole,” as Dole likes to say (mainly when it gets sued). “Immigrant” is too “huddled masses.” “Aliens” are known for invading. As for “workers,” it says union. It says, “they’ll take your job.” It says scabs. Scabs are bad even if you don’t like unions. Nix those words. We have to get at why these folks are here. Depending on whom you ask, there are 7 million to 20 million them of in this country. Why? Who benefits from an unlimited work force that has no legal rights, recourse or retirement plans? One or two people is a blue-collar crime – 20 million is a white-collar one! Of course we can’t call them “white-collar crime victims” because Americans don’t understand it. Martha Stewart is a white-collar criminal, and we still don’t get why. No, they are casualties of lobbying! A couple of handshakes and smoky room deals and voila! A couple of million people available for cheap labor. So why don’t we call them “political outlaws?” That would fit. It’s kind of engaging. But it sounds like they’re anarchists or Seventh-day Adventists or something equally as vexing. We have to accentuate the positive. To work on a new image we must play up the remittance figures. Remittance, not to be confused with recidivism, is the sending of money to their countries of origin. According to a new survey by Inter-American Dialogue, Mexican immigrants (legal and illegal) sent $24.25 billion home in 2006. Around half of the 100 million people in that country live below the poverty line. So it happens that this money sent back home is currently the most generous aid in existence to Mexico. So what do we have? Very poor people risking life and limb to help even poorer people! There’s a feel-good story wrapped inside a heap of schmaltz. It’s just the kind of emotional connection you need in order to create brand loyalty. OK, for their public-relations makeover, illegal immigrants will now be thought of as outlaw philanthropists! Here’s their tag line: “Their leaders failed them. To take care of their families, they did what they had to do.” See? Now they sound less like cockroaches and tapeworms and more like mammals. It doesn’t decriminalize them – it re-humanizes them. And if we can be made to feel good about shopping at Wal-Mart, we can be made to feel concern for our fellow human beings … you know the ones cleaning Wal-Marts. Tina Dupuy is a stand-up comic and a writer living in Los Angeles. She blogs at insidesocal.com/friendlyfire and sardonicsideshow.com.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREPettersson scores another winner, Canucks beat KingsThere is a group of people who need an Extreme Makeover: Homeland Edition – illegal immigrants. Their press coverage is horrible. Antibiotic-resistant staph infections get better play in the media. We have to redo their marketing strategy to give them better mass appeal. The first problem is the word “illegal.” Americans don’t like things that are illegal – like illegal drugs, illegal abortions, illegal fireworks. Illegal we equate with immoral. You just can’t do something illegal and be a good person. Illegal is derogatory. Child pornography is illegal. Illegal is always bad. Some presidential candidates want to use the term “undocumented.” That won’t work, either. It’s too bureaucratic. Too much paperwork. It reminds us of taxes. We hate filling out forms. “Paperless” rings of freedom. Documents give us paper cuts and headaches. It feels like asking a yes or no question and getting an encyclopedia for an answer. “Undocumented” won’t do.
Patrick Gibbons was always one man who delivered!Well, after 38 years as a postman, he became quite a dab hand at it. Patrick made his last round last Friday and the people of Churchill and surrounding areas will be all the poorer for his retirement.Patrick has a final chat at Churchill post office Patrick’s many friends at the post office in Letterkenny held a small reception in honour of a man who gave most of his life to helping others.And yes, they too delivered! PATRICK DELIVERS THE GOODS – FOR THE LAST TIME AFTER 38 YEARS! was last modified: January 26th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:An PostPatrick Gibbonsretirement
According to the indictment, the names of more than 60 people were run through police and government databases, including those of comedians Garry Shandling and Kevin Nealon, Hollywood agents Kevin Huvane and Bryan Lourd, and reporters Bernard Weinraub of The New York Times and Zorianna Kit of KTLA-TV. Pfeifer was charged with wiretapping a former girlfriend and with witness tampering for allegedly threatening the woman. The Nicherie brothers were involved in a business dispute with a man who was wiretapped, prosecutors said. Previously, a former Beverly Hills police officer pleaded guilty to fraud and unauthorized computer access in the case. Carradine’s ex-wife, Sandra, also pleaded guilty to perjury for lying about whether she knew about the wiretapping. She had hired Pellicano to help with her divorce proceedings, prosecutors said. Pellicano recently completed a 2“-year federal prison term for possessing illegal weapons.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! LOS ANGELES (AP) — Five clients and associates of Hollywood private eye Anthony Pellicano pleaded not guilty Tuesday to federal charges related to sweeping allegations of a conspiracy involving wiretapping and digging up dirt on people, including celebrities. Mark Arneson, a retired Los Angeles police sergeant, was the first to enter his plea. Federal prosecutors allege Arneson used his access to law enforcement databases to search names for “confidential, embarrassing or incriminating” information, receiving at least $189,000 from Pellicano. Rayford Earl Turner, a retired telephone company employee, pleaded not guilty to charges alleging he received at least $36,655 from Pellicano. The 110-count indictment claims that Pellicano, with the help of Turner and Kevin Kachikian, who allegedly provided the wiretapping devices, intercepted phone calls of several people, including prominent real estate developer Robert Maguire and Herbalife founder Mark Hughes. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORECasino Insider: Here’s a look at San Manuel’s new high limit rooms, Asian restaurant Also wiretapped were actors Sylvester Stallone and Keith Carradine, prosecutors said. In addition to Kachikian, others entering pleas were Robert Pfeifer, former president of Hollywood Records, and Las Vegas businessman Abner Nicherie. Arraignment for Nicherie’s brother, Daniel, was delayed until Friday. All but Pfeifer and Daniel Nicherie remained free on bond. An April 4 trial date was set for the case. Pellicano, who pleaded not guilty earlier, has worked for such stars as Michael Jackson, Elizabeth Taylor and Stallone. High-profile lawyers and agents also have enlisted his services. The indictment, unsealed last week, said information gathered by Pellicano and his associates was used for threats, blackmail and in some cases to secure “tactical advantage in litigation.” Prosecutors have declined to elaborate.