Planetary origin theories come across as popular and charismatic, till some little moon pops off and says, “Yoo-hoo! Remember me?”Io, Io; It’s Not So Long AgoJupiter’s volcanic moon Io is a pain in the astronomical dating game. Imagine if similar-sized Earth’s moon were carrying on like that; it would be a fireworks show every night, keeping scientists awake wondering how it stays active. Planetary modelers have had a hard time figuring out Io’s heat source (and how long it could last) since Voyager revealed the eruptions in 1979; and no, tidal flexing is not sufficient. Now, some NASA and ESA scientists say the volcanoes are “all wrong” – the volcanoes are in the wrong places from where models say they should be.A press release from NASA Goddard opens with a dramatic image from the New Horizons flyby in 2007, showing a huge plume at Io’s north pole in action. If the tidal flexing models worked, the expected volcanic action should be 30 to 60 degrees east of where it actually is. “We found a systematic eastward offset between observed and predicted volcano locations that can’t be reconciled with any existing solid body tidal heating models,” Christopher Hamilton (U of Maryland) said.Possibilities to explain the offset include a faster than expected rotation for Io, an interior structure that permits magma to travel significant distances from where the most heating occurs to the points where it is able erupt on the surface, or a missing component in existing tidal heating models, like fluid tides from an underground magma ocean, according to the team.Each of those possibilities seems a stretch, except for the admission something might be missing in their models. Another possibility is that their starting assumptions are wrong. None of the discussion dealt with how this heating could persist for 4.5 billion years – a time period so long, Io would have disgorged its entire mass 40 times over by now (CEH 09/27/2002, Science), in addition to losing mass to a torus around Jupiter at the rate of a ton a second–that would amount to 145 quadrillion tons over 4.5 billion years. And if Io has a magma ocean and magnetic field, as the article said scientists are tending to believe, keeping that ocean liquified for billions of years is another serious issue.The article tried to distract attention from these problems by briefly titillating onlookers with thoughts of life at Europa or Enceladus. But when pressed, the scientists tried another tack: pride in ignorance:“The unexpected eastward offset of the volcano locations is a clue that something is missing in our understanding of Io,” says Hamilton. “In a way, that’s our most important result. Our understanding of tidal heat production and its relationship to surface volcanism is incomplete. The interpretation for why we have the offset and other statistical patterns we observed is open, but I think we’ve enabled a lot of new questions, which is good.”Readers who had faith in scientific “understanding” may be taken aback by this statement. Here, after over 30 years of knowledge of Io’s volcanism, and centuries of understanding about planetary motion and the behavior of heat, more questions have emerged than answers. Live Science discussed this “mystery” with its “surprising conclusions” that the “Volcanoes on Jupiter’s Moon Io Are All Wrong.” Correction: the volcanoes are what they are. It’s only the scientific interpretation that could possibly be all wrong. Much of the mystery is resolved instantly if Io is not that old.Deep trouble at Enceladus Another embarrassing erupter is Saturn’s little moon Enceladus. It has one thousandth the mass of Io and is subject to far less tidal friction. Universe Today leaked something that was revealed at the Lunar and Planetary Science conference in Houston last month. It appears that the salty water jets blasting out of the moon’s south pole reach all the way to an interior ocean. Scientists think that the ocean lies under 10 kilometers of ice.Where the jets are getting their supply of liquid water has been a question scientists have puzzled over for years. Is friction caused by tidal stresses heating the insides of the stripes, which melts the ice and shoots it upwards? Or do the fissures actually extend all the way down through Enceladus’ crust to a subsurface ocean of liquid water, and through tidal pressure pull vapor and ice up to the surface?Researchers are now confident that the latter is the case.No longer can researchers assume, therefore, that the eruptions are a near-surface phenomenon. The heat source reaches deep into the moon, implying melting on a vaster scale that requires even more heat.In a presentation at the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference titled “How the Jets, Heat and Tidal Stresses across the South Polar Terrain of Enceladus Are Related” (see the PDF here) Cassini scientists note that the amount of heating due to tidal stress seen along Enceladus’ tiger stripes isn’t nearly enough to cause the full spectrum of heating observed, and the “hot spots” that have been seen don’t correlate with the type of heating caused by shear friction.The heat must be “carried upwards along with the pressurized water vapor from the subsurface sea, warming the areas around individual vents as well as serving to keep their channels open.” You don’t say. How long has that been going on? They didn’t say.Color Divination Keeps the FaithMeanwhile, other planetary scientists found a new story line to keep the Saturn system old. A JPL press release turned public attention to a homey analogy. “Saturn Is Like an Antiques Shop, Cassini Suggests; Moons and Rings Date Back to Solar System’s Birth.” Perhaps so, if that birth were recent; but no, they mean billions of years. Apparently they don’t want to devalue their antiques.Gianrico Filacchione from Italy did some divination with colors on the rings and moons and concluded that the Saturn system is old. One myth can lead to another. Since the little F-ring shepherd moon Prometheus has a similar color to the rings, Bonnie Buratti added to the story. “Scientists had been wondering whether ring particles could have stuck together to form moons — since the dominant theory was that the rings basically came from satellites being broken up,” she said, preparing the reader for a dramatic turnaround. “The coloring gives us some solid proof that it can work the other way around, too.” Solid proof has a nice-sounding ring of certainty to it. If it “can” work the other way around, why, then, it must have.The press release conveniently left out any discussion of how long the Enceladus eruption affair has been going on. The handlers of these aberrant moons know their job: mitigate the bad news by controlling the focus of attention.Divination, distraction, domination. That’s how the scientific guild maintains its grab on public trust. Divination: One cannot look at color and come up with an age. The article even said that the deposits from the geyser spray and dust from asteroids is only skin deep. Does that sound like it’s been going on for billions of years? Distraction: Let’s not talk about the age of these things; let’s talk about life! If there’s water going out of this moon, maybe it produced the “ingredients for life” or could “support life.” Domination: Just state the party line boldly and repeatedly. That should be enough to keep the peasants from doubting the experts’ “understanding” of how things came to be. After all, they’re scientists – the knowers of the culture. It would be very upsetting for the knowers not to know.Note to secularists: Our criticisms here are not with the observational data. We love observational data; more power to the champion observers and data collectors of the Cassini team. The criticisms are directed at interpretations that violate the evidence: interpretations that insist on billions of years of undirected natural processes producing planets, life, and human brains possessing the audacity to imagine their own undesigned brains being capable of assessing true knowledge. (Visited 25 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Welcome to India Today Online’s coverage of the first cricket Test match between India and New Zealand from the Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium in Uppal, Hyderabad. Score | PhotosIndia vs New Zealand Day 32:58 pm | Play has been called off. So rain has the final say in a day dominated by India, thanks to R Ashwin’s impressive six-wicket haul in the first innings. Still 2 more days to go, so plenty of time for India to bowl New Zealand out (and then bat again if necessary). All of that though, only if weather permits. Following on, New Zealand are 41/1 in the second innings. 1st innings: India 348 (Pujara 159), NZ (Franklin 43 n.o. ; Ashwin 6/31, Ojha 3/44)2:20 PM: More bad news. It is pouring at the moment. Chances of further play look bleak.2:05 pm | Pictures coming in show that more covers are coming on. It is still very dark. There is only a drizzle right now but looks like only a matter of time before it starts pelting down. The light too was a concern even after the floodlights were turned on. 1:53 pm | Bad light stops play! It is extremely dark as well. The flood lights are on. The umpires are having a chat. Looks like they’re walking off now. Bad light? Or are they concerned about the weather? The covers are coming on now. Play has been stopped! New Zealand are 41/1 at the stage with opener Brendon McCullum batting on 16 and Kane Williamson on 3.Kane Williamson, right handed bat, comes to the crease1:35 pm | 14.3 overs: WICKET! Ojha takes his first one of the innings. This wicket has been a spinners paradise. Ojha to Guptill, out Lbw!! Lucky Ojha this time! Not sure Gould has got it right this time, but Guptill finds himself walking back eventually. Error in judgement has cost him here – this was very full and pitched on off, Guptill offered no shot and shouldered arms, the ball hit him in front of off stump but might have turned away. Guptill lbw b Ojha 16(38) [4s-3] (NZ 26/1 in 14.3 overs)1:25 pm | 12.6 overs: DROPPED! Oops Virat spilled it. Ojha to Guptill, no run, catch dropped by Kohli at 2nd slip. Tough chance, but one would expect someone like Kohli to take those. Good bowling by Ojha – fires it in and gets it to turn off the track, Guptill pokes and gets a thick edge which goes quickly to 2nd slip, Kohli goes with his left hand and the ball pops out. NZ are 22/0 at the stage with Guptill (15) and McCullum (5) in the middle.advertisement12:44 pm | 0.6 overs: Ojha to Brendon McCullum, no run, tight line and length on the off, McCullum gets forward and defends it.Guptill and Brendon McCullum are at the crease. Guptill is on strike. Ojha will open the attack 12:40 pm | SECOND SESSIONLUNCH UPDATE: India enforce follow onSESSION SUMMARY: Just a 90 minute session but India have managed to bowl out New Zealand. Umesh Yadav started the day by dismissing van Wyk and the spinners took over after that. Ashwin came in to bowl late in the session but wrapped up the tail very quickly to end with a 6 wicket haul. Franklin looked solid at the other end, but he got absolutely no support from his teammates. That will be lunch on day 3. New Zealand will have to bat again after 40 minutes, so join us at 12:40.New Zealand 1st innings: 159 all out (James Franklin 43 n.o. ; R Ashwin 6/31, Pragyan Ojha 3/44)12:00 pm | 61.3 overs: WICKET! Superb! Ashwin took six wickets in the innings and NZ are all out for 159 – the same total that Cheteshwar Pujara scored. Ashwin to Chris Martin, out Bowled!! Hah, make that 34 ducks. Extreme consistency from Chris Martin, almost unimaginable. Perfect flight, pitches on off and turns back in, Martin offered a defensive stroke but the ball founds its way through to the stumps. Ashwin ends with 6 wickets to his name, and Franklin watches helplessly from the other end. Chris Martin b Ashwin 0(1) (NZ 159/10 in 61.3 overs)Chris Martin, right handed bat, comes to the crease11:56 am | 61.2 overs: WICKET! A fiver for Ashwin! Ashwin to Boult, out Caught by Gambhir!! 5 wickets for Ashwin. His 3rd 5 wicket haul in Test cricket. Once again flights it up, Boult pushes at it and gets a thick inside edge off his pads to short leg. Ashwin has a huge smile on his face as he celebrates with his team-mates. Only a wicket away from bowling out New Zealand now… Boult c Gambhir b Ashwin 4(15) [4s-1] (159/9 in 61.2 overs)Trent Boult, right handed bat, comes to the creaseadvertisement11:38 am | 57.3 overs: WICKET! And Ashwin gets his fourth wicket. Ashwin to Jeetan Patel, out Caught&Bowled!! Very good catch that by Ashwin. Tough to take those off your own bowling but he did well. Nicely tossed up delivery, Jeetan Patel looks to drive but the bat turns in his hands, it flew back low to Ash who dived forward and got his huge hands under the ball. Jeetan Patel c and b Ashwin 10(21) [4s-1] (NZ 153/8 in 57.3 overs)Jeetan Patel, right handed bat, comes to the crease11:15 am | 51.4 overs: WICKET! And Ojha gets his third wicket…he matches up with Ashwin…it’s neck and neck for them. Ojha to Doug Bracewell, out Stumped!! Lovely bowling. Really good bowling. Bracewell once again used his feet and came down the ground, Ojha saw him coming, gave it flight and slowed it up in the air, Bracewell threw his bat at it but the ball turned away past his edge. Easiest of stumpings for Dhoni who takes out all the 3 stumps. Franklin is waging a lone battle at the other end… Doug Bracewell st Dhoni b Ojha 17(25) [4s-2] (NZ 141/7 in 51.4 overs)Doug Bracewell, right handed bat, comes to the crease10:38 pm | 43.4 overs: WICKET! And Umesh gets a quick one. Umesh Yadav to van Wyk, out Lbw!! That’s the first wicket of the day, and the first wicket for an Indian seamer. Was it a good decision though? We’ll wait for a few replays. Yadav banged it in short, van Wyk looked to pull but the ball skidded on and hit him on the back thigh. Height was probably a factor, but it doesn’t matter now. NZ are 6 down. van Wyk lbw b Umesh Yadav 0(14) (NZ 111/6 in 43.4 overs)10:30 am | Finally, we’re ready for a start. Pace to start proceedings..9:50 am | The groundstaff have done a great job. We’re starting at 10:30. It’s drying well and it’s looking good for a start at 10:30. The forecast is for more rain but we’ll see as it goes. Play can be extended till 5:30 PM if necessary.9:40 am | Tt has been raining continuously from the morning. Good news is that it has stopped now, but the outfield is still wet. The umpires are having a look at the wicket. Duncan Fletcher is there too, and surprisingly, he is seen having a big smile on his face. Don’t see that too often.. DAY 2 SCORE: 1st inns – NZ 106/5 (K Williamson 32; Ashwin 3/30, Ojha 2/35), Ind 438 (Pujara 159, Dhoni 73, Kohli 58; J Patel 4/100) DAY 2 SUMMARY: The spinners have put India firmly in the driver’s seat. There was something on the track to help and they made excellent use of it to never let the pressure off the Kiwis. Ojha struck in his very first over and Ashwin did one better by striking with his first ball. None of the New Zealand batsmen attempted to break the shackles either. Kane Williamson batted stubbornly before perishing late in he day. Franklin has been at the wicket for a long time and New Zealand need to score some quick runs to release some pressure. It is not going to be easy against the Indian spinners though.advertisement
About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say Bournemouth manager Howe defends team selection for Burton Albionby Freddie Taylora month agoSend to a friendShare the loveBournemouth boss Eddie Howe has defended his team selection for Wednesday’s shock loss to Burton Albion that ended their Carabao Cup run.The League One side collected a 2-0 victory in a match which saw the stadium floodlights turn off three times.Howe made 10 changes from Friday’s win over Southampton, but believes the Cherries should’ve still got the victory.He said: “I see it as an opportunity missed every game you don’t fulfil your potential and play the way you want to.”It’s desperately disappointing, we are kicking ourselves – we know we are a lot better than that. it didn’t really show in the match.”I think we lacked everything. We lacked quality on the ball, we lacked intensity off the ball, we lacked our usual swagger. Certainly, we will have a lot of reflection.”I need to go away, watch the game and pick the bones out of it.”
EDMONTON – Nexen Energy is facing workplace charges following the deaths of two oilsands workers in northern Alberta.The men had been doing maintenance work in a hydrogen compressor building at the company’s Long Lake upgrader near Anzac on Jan. 15, 2016, when there was an explosion.Drew Foster, 52, of Niagara Falls, Ont., was pronounced dead at the scene and David Williams, 30, of Scotchtown, N.S., later died in hospital.Nexen Energy (TSX:NXY), a Calgary-based subsidiary of Chinese oil giant CNOOC Ltd., has been charged with eight offences.Some of the charges relate to ensuring a compressor was properly serviced and that staff in charge of the machine had read its operating manual and safety rules.Nicole Appleton with Alberta Labour says the company is to appear in Fort McMurray provincial court Feb. 14.
PRAGUE, Czech Republic — The Czech Republic’s prime minister has ordered his government office to stop using mobile phones by Chinese telecoms company Huawei.Tuesday’s announcement by Prime Minister Andrej Babis comes a day after the country’s National Cyber and Information Security Agency warned that the hardware and software made by Huawei and another Chinese telecommunications company, ZTE, pose a security threat.Huawei has denied the allegations.The Industry and Trade ministry immediately said it would do the same and other government ministries that use Huawei products are likely to follow suit.Huawei has become the target of U.S. security concerns because of its ties to the Chinese government. The U.S. has pressured other countries to limit use of its technology, warning they could be opening themselves up to surveillance and theft of information.The Associated Press
Dietary fats can enter the brain through the bloodstream, and cause alterations that could lead to depression, according to a study that may pave the way for new therapies to treat the disorder. The team also found that by decreasing the expression of a specific enzyme, symptoms of obesity-linked depression can be reduced. Study shows that saturated fatty acids enter brain through the bloodstream, and thereafter accumulate and affect crucial brain signals related to depression. Obesity and depression have long been linked, however the mechanisms of how obesity affects depression and vice versa have not been understood.
The first College Football Playoff game ever played, Thursday’s Rose Bowl between the Oregon Ducks against the Florida State Seminoles, promised to be a classic featuring two Heisman Trophy winning quarterbacks. Instead, it was a one-sided romp that saw Oregon outscore Florida State 41-7 in the second half en route to a 39-point victory.Plenty of observers enjoyed the schadenfreude of seeing Seminoles quarterback Jameis Winston lose his first game as a college starter, particularly in light of Winston’s off-field comportment. But the blowout loss also amplified questions about whether Florida State should have been granted a playoff berth in the first place.Going into the playoff, there wasn’t much debate over the selection committee‘s top two teams, Alabama and Oregon, but there was plenty of controversy surrounding the admittance of Florida State and Ohio State over TCU and Baylor. In addition to the strange leapfrog Florida State and Ohio State made over TCU in the final edition of the committee’s rankings, a number of oddsmakers suggested both jilted Texas schools would be favored at a neutral field over either the Seminoles or Buckeyes.Some of that second-guessing looks silly after Ohio State beat Alabama in Thursday’s Sugar Bowl, earning a trip to face Oregon in the CFP’s championship game, hours after Baylor blew a 20-point 4th quarter lead against Michigan State to lose the Cotton Bowl. But in conjunction with TCU’s 39-point obliteration of Ole Miss (who placed ninth in the committee’s final rankings) in the Peach Bowl on Wednesday, Florida State’s humiliating loss to Oregon has, predictably, led to calls that TCU should have been in the playoff instead.Statistically, there’s something to that criticism. Going into the bowls, Florida State ranked tenth in ESPN’s Football Power Index (FPI) rating, which emphasizes per-drive scoring margin and downplays the theory that a team could have a knack for consistently winning close games, rather than just getting lucky. The Seminoles had been 13-0 before their meeting with Oregon, but the Seminoles’ point differential suggested they deserved a record more like 10-3 or even 9-4. The Seminoles’ year of living dangerously finally caught up with them.By contrast, TCU had ranked fifth in the FPI before the bowls, and currently sits at No. 4 behind Oregon, Alabama (who still rank second despite their loss), and Ohio State. Knowing what we know now, and using the historical distribution of actual point margins for a given prediction (based on an FPI-like Elo variant for seasons since the start of the BCS era), there’s a 98.2 percent probability that TCU’s point differential versus Oregon would have been closer than Florida State’s margin of defeat Thursday, and a 54 percent chance that TCU would cover the point spread if they were made a touchdown underdog against the Ducks.Then again, based on the pregame FPI ratings, Oregon’s 39-point win in the Rose Bowl also represented the 98th percentile of all possible outcomes for a game against Florida State at a neutral site. If they were to play again today, FPI’s current data says there’s a 96.6 percent probability the Seminoles would put forth a better showing the second time around.Hindsight is 20/20. So while it’s likely that TCU was, and is, a better team than Florida State, it was difficult at the time to argue for an undefeated Power 5 conference team to be left out of the playoff field, even if their record was out of step with their point differential.And even now, the gulf between the two teams isn’t as wide as it seems after TCU had a 99th percentile performance in the Peach Bowl and Florida State had a 2nd percentile performance in the Rose Bowl. FPI says TCU would be favored by about 4.5 points on a neutral field, meaning there’d still be roughly a 39 percent chance of a Florida State victory even after accounting for the events of the past few days.
Working on special teamsFreshman punter Cameron Johnston was named Big Ten special teams player of the week after planting all six of his punts inside Wisconsin’s 20-yard line.Meyer said he was pleased with the Australian’s performance against the Badgers, but that improvement is still needed.“I’ve graded him about a C- (through five games),” Meyer said. “His average hang time was just under four seconds, which is completely unacceptable.”The punter agreed with his head coach, despite having a 55-yard punt late in the game that gave the Badgers poor field position as they tried to tie the game.“It’s great to finally get out there and be able to finally have a really good game, but there’s still plenty of stuff to work on,” Johnston said. “But right now, that’s really good.”Coombs said the entire special teams unit must be efficient, not just the punter.“We want to cover kicks, we want to split the field and make sure the other team doesn’t return the ball,” Coombs said.The Buckeyes and Wildcats are set to face off Saturday at 8 p.m. at Ryan Field. Big Ten recognitionFor the third week in a row, an OSU player has been named Big Ten offensive or co-offensive player of the week. Earning the honor against the Badgers was junior quarterback Braxton Miller, following in the footsteps of redshirt-senior Kenny Guiton, who won the award while filling in for Miller the previous two weeks.Miller threw for 198 yards and four touchdowns against Wisconsin and added running 83 yards rushing on 22 carries.“I thought his preparation for the game was one of the best he’s had,” Meyer said of Miller. “His practice was one of the best he’s had as far as Tuesday and Wednesday and Thursday. I thought his accuracy on the deep ball was outstanding.”OSU’s quarterbacks coach and offensive coordinator Tom Herman was a little harder on the Buckeye signal caller.“Not great, he still made some mental mistakes that can be corrected in terms of some reads,” Herman said. “We’ve still got to do a better job of when he does decide to scramble of going vertically, not losing yards. It’s much easier to call second and eight than it is to call second and 14.”Herman mentioned how OSU would rather run the ball than throw it, saying “when we throw it, it’s because you have inhibited our ability to run it.” Prepping for the Wildcat defense is similar in that sense.“There’s a lot of different ways that you can say ‘let’s stop the run,’” Herman said. “How they decide to do it and how they have, at least on video, is a little bit different than Wisconsin, but I think that the commitment to stopping the run is not going to change.” Redshirt-senior safety Corey “Pitt” Brown (3) warms up before a game against Buffalo Aug. 31 at Ohio Stadium. OSU won, 40-20.Credit: Shelby Lum / Photo editorThe Ohio State Buckeyes sport the nation’s longest winning streak at 17 games as they head into their first Big Ten road game of 2013.The Buckeyes (5-0, 1-0) are set to face an opponent whose record is also unblemished — the Northwestern Wildcats — and will be playing under the lights for the second week in a row.OSU coach Urban Meyer has faced Northwestern only once in his coaching career, winning a 43-42 thriller in 2001 while at Bowling Green. ESPN College GameDay will be in Evanston, Ill., for the game, and the Wildcats will have had an extra week to prepare, coming off a bye week. Who will replace Christian Bryant?Coming off a physical matchup with the Wisconsin Badgers, Meyer said the team is being careful this week in practice.“We had to be very cautious on how we operated (Sunday),” Meyer said. “I’m going to be very smart how we do Tuesday and Wednesday, because that’s usually very physical. Today (Monday) I’m getting a feel for how our guys are when they are going through the training room and treatment. It is what it is. It’s part of the season.”Meyer and his staff have the task of replacing senior safety Christian Bryant, who broke his left ankle late in the 31-24 win.Likely to replace Bryant is redshirt-senior safety Corey “Pitt” Brown, who Meyer said has a bit of advantage over other players like freshman Vonn Bell or redshirt-freshman Tyvis Powell because of his experience.Special teams coordinator and cornerbacks coach Kerry Coombs agreed.“I think as we sit here (Monday) afternoon that “Pitt” Brown will go in there and play,” Coombs said. “I don’t know exactly the configuration of how all those guys are fit going into the week and some of that will be developed and discussed during practice.”
Related Items:Royal Turks and Caicos Islands Police Force, scams, wire fraud Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 07 Aug 2015 – Police are warning about a growing trend which is seeing residents out of their hard earned cash. There are three cases set for TCI court, with complainants and defendants from the Turks and Caicos; it is unclear the exact charges. Money transfer scams are not new but they are on the rise and it seems some islanders are being sucked into sending strangers money by wire transfer, which makes the con artists nearly impossible to catch. The bogus businesses are functioning out of Jamaica and Africa. The requests can come by text, by email and usually make demands for you to act right away. The Financial Crimes Unit of the Royal Turks and Caicos Islands Police Force explained in a media statement that it is best to check even people you know, to verify their identity. Whether it is a claim that you have won the lottery, an offer for a deal which seems too good to be true or requests to give out personal banking or credit card information over the phone, the FCU says “don’t fall for it.” Prostitution crack down necessary says Premier to Police Commish New: Tourist man fell or pushed; Police investigating Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Police read for kindergarten children as part of school program