Prospects clouded for finding life on the largest class of planets

first_img Related Research may help solve puzzle of how Venus evolved Are we alone in the universe? Harvard astronomer Laura Kreidberg spends her days looking at extrasolar planets trying to answer the question Exoplanet might have oxygen atmosphere, but not life Most of the terrestrial planets in the galaxy orbit stars smaller than the sun. Because of their sheer numbers, they would seem to be promising candidates in the search for life elsewhere. But astronomers say they suspect that these bodies — especially ones in close orbit — are vulnerable to losing their atmospheres, necessary to support life. The discovery of one such planet beyond the solar system with no atmosphere at all clouds the prospects for its peers.Those findings were detailed in a study led by Laura Kreidberg, a Clay Fellow at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA). In it, researchers show that planet LHS 3844b, a terrestrial exoplanet orbiting a small sun 48.6 light-years away, has no detectable layers of gases blanketing it to protect it from its sun’s dangerous radiation and trap its heat. A planet’s atmosphere makes it viable for hosting life and provides telltale signs of whether it actually does. It is also key to understanding a planet’s origin, nature, and current conditions.“We’ve learned over the last decade that planets similar in size to the Earth are abundant around other stars — which is crazy exciting for the prospects of potentially detecting life on one,” Kreidberg said. “However, just because we know these planets are out there, we don’t know anything about whether they typically have atmospheres or not.”The results, described in an Aug. 19 paper in the journal Nature, show that it’s possible for planets orbiting M dwarf stars, which are much smaller and cooler than the sun, to be without atmospheres — this was, in fact, the first actual discovery of such a situation. The stars are known for emitting intense ultraviolet light, which can make for less-hospitable solar systems.Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/L. Kreidberg/Harvard-Smithsonian CfA“One thing about small M dwarf stars is that they’re very bright in the ultraviolet for the first billion years of their lives, so there are a lot of outstanding questions about whether Earth-size planets around these stars can hold onto their atmospheres,” Kreidberg said. “There are several theories that predict atmospheric loss, but it’s never been observed until now.”Researchers used a novel technique to determine that planet LHS 3844b has no atmosphere. They measured one side of its climate and compared it to the other to look for a maximum temperature difference. The planet, which is on an 11-hour orbit, is tidally locked, meaning one side always faces the star and the other is always in the dark. A planet with an atmosphere would move some of the heat it absorbs from the hot side to the cold. Using data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, the researchers determined that wasn’t the case with LHS 3844b. They found the side facing the star was heated at more than 1,400 degrees Fahrenheit, while the dark side was consistent with absolute zero.“We’re pretty convinced that this thing is a bare rock,” Kreidberg said.The measurement is called the planet’s “thermal phase curve.” It’s the first time this technique was used for a terrestrial planet.LHS 3844b is 30 percent bigger than Earth. Liquid water cannot exist on its surface and Kreidberg’s team believes the planet’s surface is made of basalt, a very dark rock that can form from cooled lava, similar to the maria on the moon.Working with Kreidberg on the paper were researchers from Harvard, the California Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, University of Maryland, University of Texas at Austin, Vanderbilt University, and NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Satellite Survey (TESS), which discovered the planet in 2018. The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news.last_img read more

Amid pandemic tragedy, an opportunity for change?

first_img The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. With almost 11 million cases and more than 150,000 deaths, India is among the nations hardest-hit by the coronavirus pandemic. The Asian giant has also taken an economic hit, its gross domestic product expected to shrink 8 percent this year.The figures have starkly highlighted the connection between a nation’s physical and economic health, and the Harvard chairs of a new panel seeking to overhaul and improve health care in India say today’s difficult times create a moment of opportunity because people who often tune each other out are now listening.“For the first time the connection between health and economic outcomes has become transparent,” said Tarun Khanna, director of Harvard’s Lakshmi Mittal and Family South Asia Institute and one of four co-chairs of a new Lancet Citizens’ Commission to study how to bring universal health care to India. “The morality of universal health care has always been a driver of this urgency, but that’s not the new thing here. Rather, for the first time in 30 years GDP is expected to fall in response to a health crisis.”The 21-member commission is a joint effort between The Lancet medical journal and Mittal Institute. The panel is chaired by Khanna; Vikram Patel, the Pershing Square Professor of Global Health at Harvard Medical School; Professor Gagandeep Kang, vaccine researcher at Christian Medical College in Vellore, India; and Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, executive chairperson of Indian biotech company Biocon Ltd and one of India’s top businesspeople. S.V. Subramanian, professor of population health and geography at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, is a member of the commission.The group’s charge is to report by August 2022 how India can achieve universal health care within a decade. The Mittal Institute is encouraging participation by the Harvard community and sponsoring an online panel discussion on Monday to introduce the effort.Patel and Khanna said the commission has a challenging road ahead, one that has proven too difficult for an array of efforts studying the same question in the decades since India became independent in 1947.Most of the nation’s 1.4 billion residents (a population second only to China) view the current publicly-funded system as so bad that even the poorest Indians would rather pay out-of-pocket for care in a network of private providers, itself sometimes seen as uncaring and untrustworthy. The end result is that more than 60 percent of Indian health care is paid for out-of-pocket, and a sudden illness can mean financial ruin for millions. Only the wealthy can afford regular, high-quality care.,“Today, India’s health care system is routinely ranked as one of the worst in the world,” Patel said. “A few get expensive, world-class care, while a large part of the population doesn’t even get basic quality care.”Where the current commission differs from prior efforts is that it is based on a consultative effort to seek input from an array of stakeholders, including representatives of the private health care sector, providers of traditional medicine, physicians, community health workers, and citizens from diverse communities across the country.“It genuinely is a cross-section of society,” said Khanna, HBS’ Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor. “That makes consultation more complex, but the potential for achievement is large.”The eventual report will focus on the “architecture” of a new system, according to an article by the initiative’s co-chairs and commissioners in The Lancet in December. It will include ways to provide preventive care for physical and mental health, offer financial protection for all health care costs, not just hospitalization, and ensure access to the same quality of care for all.“We aspire for a health care system in which most people do not pay out-of-pocket for most health care needs,” Patel said. “The last thing a sick person needs is to have their care calibrated by how much they can afford to pay or to be impoverished by their medical bills.”Resources are always a key issue in consideration of universal health care and India — whose proportion of GDP spent on health care is low compared with other middle-income countries — will likely have to spend more, Khanna said. But he also said that significant low-cost steps probably could be taken early in the process.“I think we can improve outcomes with existing resources being better managed,” Khanna said. “We can get some victories in the next two to three years through optimization of existing structures.”last_img read more

SMC Career Crossings Office provides job guidance

first_imgSaint Mary’s College students struggling with future career choices, resumes or an internship search can find resources in the SMC Career Crossings Office (CCO), director of the CCO Stacie Jeffirs said.The center can help students find jobs after graduation, but it also offers many more resources, Jeffirs said.“It is an office students can come to for help with exploring career options, job and internship searching, post-grad service and graduate school preparation,” Jeffirs said.“We do mock interviews with students, [both] one-on-one and group, and workshops.”More recently, the CCO has branched out with CCO On The Go, another resource for students.“CCO On The Go differs from the regular CCO in that students can come over and see us for open hours in the Student Center,” Jeffirs said. “You can come over and get a quick resume or cover letter reviewed or get questions about applications, processes or websites.”Jeffirs said the idea for CCO On the Go developed when the CCO realized many students’ schedules make it difficult for them to visit the main office.“The CCO On The Go was a group effort between the assistant director and myself,” Jeffirs said. “We’ve been doing it for three or four years now, and we came up with it as a way to reach out to the Saint Mary’s student community.”Sophomore Veronica McDowell said more students should take advantage of the resources offered by the CCO .“Last year, I had never written a resume before, and wanted to apply for an RA job,” McDowell said. “I went to the CCO for examples of resumes and help on what to write for my resume.”McDowell said she highly recommends the CCO to fellow students.“If you’re struggling with what to do for your major, they can help you there as well,” McDowell said. “It’s super personable. I’ve had a good experience with the CCO in general. I would definitely go back there again for help with internship materials.”To get in touch with the CCO Office or CCO On The Go, contact Stacie Jeffirs at sjeffirs@saintmarys.edu or stop by the CCO table in the Student Center on Wednesdays from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.Tags: Career Crossings Office, careers, guidancelast_img read more

Forestry Skills

first_imgTwenty-eight Georgia 4-H youth participated in the 2019 State Forestry Field Day held on Sept. 28, 2019, at Flinchum’s Phoenix, located in the University of Georgia Whitehall Forest in Athens, Georgia.The Georgia 4-H Forestry program teaches youth to identify up to 70 Georgia tree species as well as common pests and diseases that impact those trees. The forest field day competition allows youth to test their science-based knowledge, critical thinking skills and skills with specialized forestry tools. Participants can be a part of a county team or compete individually in area and state forestry judging contests.“Our volunteer coaches and county personnel who send teams to the state contest are really creative in teaching these skills in a way that is fun,” said Craven Hudson, University of Georgia Cooperative Extension 4-H specialist. “While they all want to win, it is rewarding to see the camaraderie and sportsmanship displayed during the contest.”The state contest consists of five stations: insect and disease identification, volume estimation, compass and pacing, tree identification and site evaluation. All county teams prepared for the state contest by competing in one of four Area Forestry Field Days held earlier in September. During the awards ceremony, the participants also received information from student ambassadors on opportunities with the UGA Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources.Each county may bring up to 20 senior contestants, grades 9-12. The youth compete individually for high individual and as a team through the combination of the top county individuals. The first place Senior team winners will represent Georgia at the National 4-H Forestry Invitational in August 2020 at the Jackson’s Mill State 4-H Conference Center in Weston, West Virginia.This year’s winners at the State Forestry Field Day are:First place team: Coweta County – Jennifer Brinton, Bella Fisk, Alexa Hillebrand and Michael WhitlockSecond place team: Oconee County – Kalani Washington, Neely McCommons, Alicia Carnes and Alyssa HaagThird place team: Bartow County – Bethany Craven, Gabriel Craven, Gus Federico and Sasha MorganSenior High Individual:  Oconee County – Kalani  WashingtonGeorgia 4-H empowers youth to become true leaders by developing necessary life skills, positive relationships and community awareness. As the largest youth leadership organization in the state, 4-H reaches more than 175,000 people annually through the UGA Extension offices and 4-H facilities. For more information, visit georgia4h.org or contact your local Extension office.last_img read more

Trump picks Jerome Powell to succeed Yellen as Fed chair

first_img continue reading » President Donald Trump nominated Jerome Powell to run the Federal Reserve once current Chair Janet Yellen’s term expires, in a move widely expected and one unlikely to disturb the roaring stock market.Trump made the announcement during a Thursday afternoon ceremony in the Rose Garden.The move follows an extended period of speculation over who would be named to head the central bank, whose aggressive policies have been considered crucial to a climate of low interest rates, surging job creation and booming asset prices.“Today is an important milestone on the path to restoring economic opportunity to the American people,” Trump said with Powell standing to his right and the prospective chairman’s family nearby. The president said the Fed requires “strong, sound and steady leadership” and Powell “will provide exactly that type of leadership.” 13SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

KEYQ +: Culture and tourism as quality keys for cross-border development of Italy and Croatia

first_imgAs part of the project “KEYQ +: Culture and Tourism as Quality Keys for Cross-Border Development of Italy and Croatia”, cross-border cooperation program Italy – Croatia, a three-day meeting will be held in Veli Lošinj at Vitality Hotel Punta from 6 to 8 June 2018.The KeyQ + project was approved in the first call for funding of the Italy-Croatia Cooperation Program (a type of Standard + call), which includes the capitalization of cooperation projects funded in the period 2007-2013. years. KeyQ + is the capitalization of the Key Q project financed through the Adriatic Cross-Border Cooperation Program (IPA ADRIATIC) within which the Educational Gastronomic Center of Istria was established where for the purpose of valorization of agricultural and food products of Istria, workshops on continuing education and training of tourism and hospitality workers .The Tourist Board of the Town of Mali Lošinj is one of the 9 Croatian – Italian partners in the project, while the main partner is AZRRI doo Pazin – the Agency for Rural Development of Istria. Other Croatian partners are the City of Pula and Tržnica doo Pula. The duration of the project is 18 months and its total budget is 871.925 euros. The goal of the KeyQ + project is to increase the tourist offer of the cross-border area by developing a unique tourist product based on common cultural and culinary heritage that connects Croatian and Italian border regions and research and discovery of tastes, smells and customs of rural areas surrounding the northern Adriatic.The main results of the project will be a gastronomic guide and tourist itinerary, didactic programs and workshops for exchanging experiences for employees of the tourism and hospitality sector in the cross-border area, as well as creating seven KeyQ + places that will be reference points for professionals, tourists and citizens interested in culture and gastronomy. “Future KeyQ + points will be connected to the network of the gastronomic culture center of the area, and will include the Educational Gastronomic Center of Istria on Gortanov Brijeg near Pazin, the building of the Pula Market from the Austro-Hungarian period, the Apoxyomenos Museum in Mali Lošinj, the historic architectural building turned east ”, the medieval didactic kitchen in the city of Cividale del Friuli, the Wine National Exhibition in Pramaggiore, and Casa Artusi – the Museum of Gastronomy in Forlimpopoli. The results of the project will be promoted through 7 KeyQ + Festivals organized in the pre- and post-season that will bring together all relevant stakeholders in the culture and tourism sector. stand out from the Lošinj Tourist Board.All Croatian-Italian partners participated in the second three-day working meeting held in Veli Lošinj. During the meeting, a cross-section of the project was made, all work packages and further steps were discussed. On the last day, the partners will have the opportunity to visit the Fragrant Island Garden, the Museum of Apoxyomenos as a future KEYQ + point and taste Apoxyomenos’ ancient cuisine.The value of the entire project is about 872 thousand euros, and the amount will be evenly distributed among the partners.last_img read more

Study Says Women Are More Promiscuous Than Ever Before

first_imgHave you been giving up the goods before the “traditional” third date rolls around? If so, then you’re not alone.A new study found that more than 25 percent of women are putting out within the first week of dating someone. So if you squeeze three dates into a week, then you’re still on track; however, not many have the time or energy to go out on that many dates within a seven-day period. (See AskMen’s “Women Are Easier Than Ever” for more details; the title should say it all.)Whereas in the past men had to woo and pay for dinner after dinner to get some action, those days seem to be long gone. Men are doing very little to get the sexual gratification that decades ago would have cost them time and money. These days it’s a completely different game all together. Researchers found that 30 percent of young men’s relationships don’t even involve an ounce of romance—no courting, no Sade, no candles, no standing outside of windows with boom boxes—just sex!This shift is being blamed on several factors. For one, gender equality comes into play. With the balance between men and women evening out in the workplace and financially, women are behaving in ways that were once stereotypically male. There’s also the invention of the Pill that has given women freedom and control over their bodies that didn’t exist in the past. Blame is also being placed on Internet porn that is “desensitizing” us to what was once regarded as sacred between a husband and wife.According to sociologist Mark Regnerus, from the University of Texas-Austin, an uneven ratio between men and women is also contributing to sex being given up so quickly. At U.S. colleges, 57 percent of the student body is women; more women than men leads to the female gender competing for “men’s affections.” And once they graduate, that imbalance continues, especially in a place like New York City where single women outnumber single men by more than 210,000—ranking NYC as the top city in the world for men to live satisfying lives. Such statistics are making men “quicker to have sex in our relationships these days, slower to commitment and just plain pickier.” This, of course, also leads to easier women.Explains Regnerus: “Every sex act is part of a ‘pricing’ of sex for subsequent relationships. If sex has been very easy to get for a particular young man for many years and over the course of multiple relationships, what would eventually prompt him to pay a lot for it in the future—that is committing to marry?”Further proof of this ongoing pattern can be found in the fact that the number of married 25 to 34-year-olds has plummeted by an average of 1 percent each year during this past decade, with just 46 percent of those in that age bracket now married.Regnerus also points out “women don’t really need men and marriage— economically, socially and culturally—like they once did.” While this may be true in some ways, it still doesn’t explain when the concept of love got put on the back burner.As women, we should be embracing gender equality and that yes, while we may not need men in many ways, that shouldn’t discount love. If the female gender could only make a pact to somehow hold out when it comes to putting out, perhaps we can swing things in the other direction; perhaps we can take back power in the situation and procure everlasting, meaningful relationships.While sex is healthy, fun and sometimes a necessary itch that needs to be scratched, sex without intimacy and love eventually falls short. As a society, we need to put more emphasis on what’s important fundamentally, instead of superficially; we need to put love back on the table and not take it off until we’ve found meaning in it. If it means hours upon hours of watching or readingPride and Prejudice, then so be it. Love shouldn’t be a thing of the past; it should never go out of style. Seriously, where is Mr. Darcy when you need him? Written by Amanda Chatel for YourTango Share Share 42 Views   no discussions Sharing is caring!center_img Share LifestyleRelationships Study Says Women Are More Promiscuous Than Ever Before by: – October 5, 2011 Tweetlast_img read more

Weld sweet on ‘middleweight’ Zawraq

first_imgDermot Weld has nominated Zawraq as the likely leading light in his three-year-old division this term. Speaking in a stable tour for At The Races, Weld said: “He had a bit of a cold six weeks before the race at Leopardstown and I know Aidan thinks a lot of Sir Isaac Newton, so I thought he put up a very good performance to win. “He’s after doing very well over the winter. He’s like a middleweight boxer, powerful and athletic. He has a great mind too, very laid back. Good ground will suit him best. “He’ll start off in the 2000 Guineas Trial at Leopardstown next month and that will tell us a lot about where we need to go with him. “He’s in the Newmarket and Irish 2000 Guineas and if he won the trial we’d have to seriously consider Newmarket for him, but if he was beaten and looked like he wanted further, we’d probably come back and run in the Derrinstown Derby Trial at Leopardstown. “I think he may want to go further than a mile and I’m hopeful he’ll stay a mile and a half. ” I was only looking at his pedigree the other night and it’s the old Height Of Fashion family, so there’s no shortage of stamina in his family. “Mentally, you’d say he was more of a Derby horse than a Guineas horse, because he’s so relaxed. He’s a joy to train really. At the moment, he is probably our best three-year-old with the most potential.” Weld also has some established stable stars to rely on in the coming months with Forgotten Rules expected to progress after winning each of his three outings last term, culminating in the British Champions Long Distance Cup at Ascot last October. The trainer said: “He has done very well over the winter and is likely to start off in the Vintage Crop at Navan. “We think he’s an Ascot Gold Cup horse, the only thing is that he would like some ease in the ground. If the ground is good or even safe good to firm at Ascot, I think he’ll give a very good account of himself.” Fascinating Rock won both the Ballysax Stakes and the Derrinstown Derby Trial last term but failed to fire in either the English or Irish Derby, leaving Weld to go back to the drawing board this term. He said: “He did us proud last year winning a couple of Group races. He was a sore horse after the Irish Derby last year and possibly the runs at Epsom and the Curragh on fast ground just took their toll on him. “He had a good break and I’d like to drop him back to a mile for his first start, so I’m looking at the Heritage Stakes at Leopardstown next month. “I accept he’s a multiple Group winner over a mile and a quarter, but I just want to see how he gets on over a mile and the Heritage is a nice option for him. He’ll always be best suited by a cut in the ground.” Mustajeeb won the seven-furlong Jersey Stakes at Royal Ascot last term but after finishing only sixth on his final start in the Breeders’ Cup Mile, Weld thinks a switch back in trip may be key. He said: “He’s done awfully well over winter and looks magnificent. I’m going to look at dropping him back in trip, as I thought he showed a lot of pace in his run at the Breeders’ Cup. “I’ll start him off in the Greenlands Stakes at the Curragh and we’ll see how he gets on.” The Shamardal colt had just one start as a juvenile, beating Aidan O’Brien’s well-regarded Sir Isaac Newton by half a length in a Leopardstown maiden over seven furlongs last October. Weld was delighted with that effort and is planning to pitch Zawraq into the 2000 Guineas Trial at Leopardstown on April 12, as he tries to weigh up his Classic potential. Press Associationlast_img read more

King century helps Scorpions pile misery on Hurricanes

first_imgTHE Jamaica Scorpions continued to pile on the pressure on the Leeweard Islands Hurriances in their fifth round Digicel Regional 4-Day game at Warner Park in St Kitts on the second day.Brandon King, unbeaten on 155, led the way for the Scorpions as they wracked up 461 for 4 and a lead of 218 runs.King has so far slammed nine fours and gone over the ropes 13 times in a 175-ball knock. He is partnered with Devon Thomas, who is on 73.On day one, Jahmar Hamilton, 103, and Rahkeem Cornwall, 66, had helped the Hurricanes recover from 96 for five to 243 all out.While the total was not the best, it was challenging enough to make a game of the encounter.The Scorpions though, made light work of it.First John Campbell, who has been having a good tournament this year, scored 88, in an opening partnership of 90 with Shacaya Thomas, 54.Thomas was the first to go, before Jermaine Blackwood went one better to score 55.The only bit of bright news for the Hurricanes, was when Cornwall had Andre McCarthy stumped without scoring, but that result left King and Thomas at the crease, the score at 209 for four.251 runs later, the Scorpions still have the dangerous Rovman Powell in the dug out.The best bowler for the Hurricanes has been Cornwall, who has figures of 2-68 from 21 overs of bowling. Young Alzarri Joseph has bowled well under the circumstances as well, taking the wicket of Shacaya Thomas to end the day with figures of 1-75 from 20 overs.Gavin Tonge is the only other Hurricanes bowler to have taken a wicket. He, so far, has figures of 1-48 from 14 overs.HURRICANES 1st Innings 243Scorpions 1st Innings(overnight 33 without loss)J. Campbell c Powell b Cornwall 88S. Thomas c wkpr Hamilton b Joseph 54J. Blackwood c Hughes b Tonge 55A. McCarthy st Hamilton b Cornwall 0B. King not out 155+D. Thomas not out 73Extras (b14, lb10, w9, nb3) 36TOTAL (4 wkts, 99 overs) 461R. Powell, D. Jacobs, +N. Miller, M. Mindley, R. Leveridge to batBowling: Cornwall 21-5-68-2; Joseph 20-3-75-1 (w1); Tonge 14-3-48-1 (nb1, w6); Louis 9-2-48-0 (nb1, w1); Boatswain 12-1-51-0 (w1); Powell 7-0-63-0 (nb1); Willett 13-1-71-0; Hughes 3-0-13-0Position: Scorpions lead by 218 with six first innings wickets standinglast_img read more

Wisconsin falls in penalty kicks

first_imgLUKAS KEAPPROTH/Herald photoAfter 90 minutes of regulation and two overtimes were not enough to decide a victor in Wisconsin’s first round match of the Big Ten Tournament, the fate of the Badger’s season came down to a guessing game. Unfortunately for the Badgers, Michigan connected on four of its five penalty kicks, leaving Wisconsin’s season in serious jeopardy.The match could not have ended in a more dramatic way for the Wolverines or Badgers. Both teams were unable to put to record a goal during the game, forcing the match to end in a shootout. After trailing by a goal early, Wisconsin’s Eric Conklin placed in the bottom left corner, and goalie Alex Horwath blocked Michigan’s Cam Cameron to even the score at two goals each in the shootout.With the shootout tied up after four players, the match came down to the best player for each side. Scott Lorenz, who led the Badgers in goals for the year and was tied for second in the Big Ten in points, had his shot blocked by Michigan goalie Patrick Sperry. With a chance to put the game away, Peri Marosevic, Michigan’s leading scorer, placed his ball in the left side of the net.“If I save it, I’m a hero,” Horwath said. “I would have liked to have gotten another one, obviously.”Even had the game not gone to penalty kicks, it would have been tough to tell who was the better team on the field. The conditions for the game were atrocious, with pouring rain and a field filled with patches of mud. During overtime, when the rain came down harder, neither team was able to find many chances. In fact, Wisconsin recorded no shots in the extra periods.“[Poor conditions] were obviously a factor,” goalie Alex Horwath said. “You can’t really play soccer in these conditions.”After regulation and double overtime, fatigue also played a huge factor in the players’ ability to perform.“It’s definitely a hard time, especially when you’re kicking a PK,” defenseman Andy Miller said. “It’s tough when your calf’s all cramped up.”The fact that the game came down to penalty kicks only made the loss tougher to swallow.“It’s a horrible way to go, no matter what,” Miller said. “Even after the game, before we take [penalty kicks], we go up to each other and say good game no matter what happens, because it’s a tossup who goes out.”The loss leaves the Badgers’ fate beyond their control. Despite the team’s high ranking in the RPI, four Big Ten losses in the regular season and a first round loss in the conference tournament put their season in the hands of non-Big Ten teams who have yet to play their conference tournament.However, the Badgers are still hopeful their season will continue.“It could happen,” Horwath said. “We have to sit at home this weekend and hope to God that all the teams win their tournaments who are supposed to.”Despite finishing the season at the bottom of the Big Ten, head coach Jeff Rohrman feels the Badgers belong in the tournament.“We play a tough schedule,” Rohrman said. “At the end of the day you hope that helps you, and I guess we’ll find out Monday.”If the season is in fact over for the Badgers, they still feel they went out valiantly.“It’s more of heart and guts,” Rohrman said. “I was proud of the effort, the way they came out and battled and competed.”last_img read more